With the Fall Of Afghanistan To the Taliban, What Other Islamist Terrorist Groups Are Still Operating And Where?.
Jihad, or (erroneously known as) Holy War, is the concept that several Islamist groups keep to attack different population groups or countries. Photo: DW
LatiAmerican Post | Santiago Gómez Hernández
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Jihad, or (erroneously known as) Holy War, is the concept that several Islamist groups use to attack different population groups or countries. In the broadest concept, this is a fight for the defense and preservation of Islam that was previously used for the creation of the Arab empire. However, various moderate factions of Islam now regard this vision as anachronistic and see it as an internal struggle.
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With the fall of Afghanistan to the Taliban, the question is, where will the jihadist networks and extremist groups focus? The immediate effect of what happened in Afghanistan is that various extremist groups will see with hope and optimism the establishment of their extremist views of Sharia (religious law). These are the most relevant Islamist groups that are still active.
What Islamist groups are still operating?
Currently, the European Union, Canada, and the United States recognize several Islamist terrorist groups. Most of them are "franchises" of global groups like the Islamic State and Al-Qaeda.
The terrorist group founded in Iraq controlled much of Syria and Iraq and remains one of the most active terrorist groups. Recently, its Afghan branch (ISIS K) was responsible for a series of attacks at the Kabul airport leaving several dead
They currently operate in Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq, the Philippines, Mozambique, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Yemen, Algeria, Somalia, Libya, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Mali, Palestine, Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
The group founded by Osama Bin Laden in Afghanistan is still operating. Although it has suffered major attacks since the death of its founder, with the recent Taliban victory, it is possible that it will regain its power and influence.
Currently, several branches of this Islamist group operate in: Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Kenya, Syria, Lebanon, Algeria, Mali, Mauritania, Tunisia, Libya, Niger, and some regions of the Indian sub-continent.
The infamous group, known for the kidnapping of 276 girls in Nigeria, is also active. Since 2016, it has been divided into 2 factions, one independent and the other loyal to the Islamic State. It currently maintains a fight against the branch of the Islamic State in the area, being an important actor in West Africa.
This is one of the most active terrorist groups today. They operate mainly in Somalia, Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya. However, they still maintain ties and loyalty to Al Qaeda.
This group is the armed branch of the Palestinian political party that bears the same name and which currently controls 74 of the 132 seats of the Palestinian Legislative Council. They currently have a presence in the Palestinian areas and engage in constant attacks against the State of Israel.
This is a Shiite Islamist group with a large presence in Lebanon. Besides being a terrorist group, it also has a political branch. Several intelligence reports have identified the activation of cells of this group in several Latin American countries, such as Mexico, Colombia and Venezuela.
The goal of the jihadist groups is to be able to implement the most orthodox and extreme doctrine of the religious law of the Sharia. For this, both the West and the secular governments of the Middle East are its main objectives. Additionally, terrorist groups also attack Muslims who follow a different vision than their own, be they Sunnis or Shiites.