Fatima's routine, a student from the Hazara minority, was normal until the day the Taliban took over Mazar-I-Sharif
It was something she never thought would happen: the taking of Kabul
That day she had to decide to erase all traces that showed that she was studying. Such a way that she had to burn books, notes, certificates, and all documentation that put her in a situation of danger for her life. That is to say, to break all illusions dreams, and projects that she had for her future.
In addition, like every young woman, she had her social networks. But the Taliban review all the publications and thus determine the location from what they find there and qualify the messages establishing persecutions. In the past, she had called them terrorists, arguing that they could not do anything in this territory, that they could not impede their right to education and other messages and statements that would be offensive to them and endanger their existence. From there, she deleted all her accounts.
Fatima assures that her country will no longer be the same. When she goes out she is required to wear a full hijab, and she has seen 13 and 114-year-old girls wearing the burqa. The various vestments are used to hide most of the body, especially the face:
The al-amira is a two-piece veil. It consists of a fitted cap, almost always made of cotton or polyester, and a tube-shaped scarf.
The Shayla is a long rectangular scarf that wraps around the head and is adjusted with kind of pins placed on the shoulders.
The jimar is a long, cape-like veil that hangs above the waist. It completely covers the hair, neck, and shoulders, revealing the face.
The chador, worn by Iranian women when out and about, is a full-length cloak. It can be accompanied by a small scarf placed underneath.
The burka is the one that mostly covers the body. It is the strictest of the Islamic veils. It is made up of a single piece that covers the entire face and body and only allows you to see through a mesh in front of the eyes.
For women of the Muslim religion, the use of these veils also has a connotation of showing their beliefs and denoting their faith.
On the other hand, they also face the impossibility of living in countries that are prohibited from covering their faces, so their transfer there is not a viable option either. France and Denmark have it established as a national security measure. Similar measures have been imposed in the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Norway, Luxembourg, and Germany.
Because of these restrictions on the wardrobe, the impossibility of continuing to study, and the constant fear of being kidnapped, raped, or killed, women constantly live in complete unease. The city is lifeless. There is no escape. The Airport is completely congested with people desperate to get out. There are no quotas in the spaces to evacuate, various countries are blocking their entry or rejecting requests to live there. They are stuck with their families.
Although Nida Mohammad Nadim, who is in charge of Education, argued that the prohibition for women who were in the Universities to leave the classrooms was a religious issue and that their attendance was against the principles of Islam, the Special Representative of the United States for Afghan Women, Girls, and Human Rights Rina Amiri contradicts these statements, assuring that only the Taliban have established this prohibition.
Unesco calculates that by 2020, the number of enrolled young women reached 110,000, who now have not completed their degrees. And this figure is added to about 1.1 million girls who, from the age of twelve, could not continue in secondary school since March 2022. According to Unicef, 60% of the 4.2 million minors without access to education, were girls.
For all of them, almost half of the population of Afghanistan, there came a day in which their history changed forever, and sadly they do not have the hope that this can be resolved, which affects the stability, of the economic condition, but rather, The most worrying thing is their mental health since they feel that they have lost everything, including their value as people.